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Injury or accident can happen from anywhere, anytime, be it within the work place or in your own home. These injuries (in this scope covers the minor injuries likely in a cooking environment) can be possibly prevented, and where it could not but happen can be effectively handled.
Below are the sensible measures that needs to be observed to avoid or at best reduce to the barest minimum: cuts, falls, burns and strains. Where it happens, some first aid measures (treatments).
Cuts: Keep knives and use the right knife for the right job.
- Take precaution with sharp instrument; keep your fingers along with other parts of the body from blade (sharp edge) or point.
- Keep shield on the sharp edges of tools so when not in use, store away in save place. Never keep knife loose along with other cooking implements inside a drawer.
- When cutting or chopping, ensure you do that, this is not on a stainless steel table, not even in your hand but on a board, and away from your body.
- Place a damp cloth under the board, where board slips rather than try catching a falling knife.
- Never fuss with knife. In the event you pass a knife to another, keep it pointed at the floor and not upwards.
- Wipe knife from the blunt side.
First Aid Treatment:
In the case of a small cut, rinse wound within cleaning flowing water or wash using water that is clean by having an antiseptic like Dettol or Salvon until wound is clean, then put on a protective glove to avoid contamination.
- Clean and dry the floor. The floor is usually slippery when wet or when fats, scraps, soap splash and drop or when nylon papers litter the floor.
- Wear non-slip shoes. Let your shoes have a very good grip on the ground.
- Look where you walk. Avoid carrying large items as this might block your view and could cause you to lose balance.
- Be sure to clear your runway of boxes, equipment, hose and wires, etc.
- Keep the mind on which you are doing. Walk purposefully but don't run.
Strain: what this means is pulling the muscle inside a wrong way or too suddenly, therefore the muscle gives way. This could be very painful as it can certainly damage muscle. Stress in a pace such as the stomach or chest might cause rupture from the internal lining, which could cause hernia that may require surgery. So
- Don't lift heavy object without help. Use the trolley instead.
- Bend your knees, not your waist. Keep your back straight.
- Fetch it, don't stretch for this.
- Don't show off your strength. Work gradually, don't go it once. Lift from floor towards the chair and then towards the counter.
First Aid Strategy to falls and Strains
Result in the injured as comfortable as possible, apply cold compress (ice in a cloth). If question about injury, treat like a fracture.
Unless you play it safe burns can occur dealing with any kind of heat. So watch out for:
- Naked flame near your clothing or towel, electric heat near any kind of your body, oil that fries too much time and also to hot, it can burst into flames.
- Boiling water too near to the top of your kettle or saucepan can boil over and splash.
- Don't get a pan, pot or plate without checking the temperature.
- Keep papers, plastic aprons and other flammable materials away from hot areas and don't try to do too many things at any given time, stay calm and do not be rushed.
- Only use gas or other source created for the purpose.
- Burns and scalds from steam must be cooled as quickly as possible a minimum of for 10 mins. This can reduce heat from the burn, swelling and pains in addition to prevent further damage to underlying tissue.
- Blisters ought not to be removed. A wet cloth or ice covered with cloth may be used on the injury. Remove anything on that area of the body before swelling occurs.
- Dress area with clean, sterile materials or bandage.
- Do not use adhesive dressings, plasters or cotton wool.
- Don't apply lotions or fat towards the injury rather than break blisters, remove loose skin or interfere with damages.
The measures discussed above are intended for minor injuries alone. A professional physician should handle major injuries professionally.